|Fig. Effects of low blood sugar|
Every cell in your body needs sugar (glucose) to function. When your blood sugar levels drop too low, your cells become starved for energy. Initially, that can cause minor symptoms, but if you don’t get your blood sugar levels up soon, you’re at risk of serious complications.
Effects of Low Blood Sugar on the Body
When your blood sugar (glucose) levels fall below the normal range, it’s called hypoglycemia, or insulin shock.
Low blood sugar can happen when you skip a meal. It can also happen if your pancreas releases more insulin than it should after you’ve eaten. The most common reason for low blood sugar is diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas can no longer produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t make enough, or your body can’t use it properly. To keep blood sugar levels from rising too much (hyperglycemia), you need the right amount of insulin. With
insufficient insulin, your blood sugar levels rise. Too much, and your blood sugar levels can plummet.